"Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls and Why Were They Forgotten?" A Lecture by Rachel Elior: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLit979B60Y

Enoch Son of Jared and the Solar Calendar of the Priesthood in Qumran: All these manifestations of the controversy may be summarized as follows. On the one hand was a deterministic perception of time, of heavenly origin, bound up with the cyclic laws of nature as reflected in a fixed solar calendar whose festivals fell not only on fixed dates of the month but also on fixed days of the week, a calendar maintained unchanged by angels and priests who attested to its divine origin, recording its heavenly character in their written documents and declaring, as it were, "It is in the heavens". On the other was a perception of time dependent on variable, human decisions, governed by observations made by ordinary mortals, as reflected in a changeable, lunar calendar, maintained by leaders who derived their authority from the people as a whole, by a court which heard testimony from any witness, took terrestrial interests and the good of the Community into considerations, and invoked, as a crucial principle, "It is not in the heavens". (Page 41)

The affinity between the holy angels, the heavenly  guardians of the Covenant, and the earthly guardians of the Covenant in the Community is conditional upon strict observance of the sabbath, as we learn from Jubilees, which lays emphasis on the sacred seven-based pattern; and on strict observance of the commandments and the festivals – appointed times – all of which are closely bound up with sanctity, puritiy, cessation of routine activity, and the maintenance of the sacred service as dictated by the calendar of weeks, that is, the solar calendar. These conditions are essential for the Community to be defined as yahad, a 'togetherness' or commonalty of priests and angels, joint guardians of the Covenant of sabbaths and appointed times, of sacred lore, and of a cultic and liturgical order common to heavenly and earthly beings, set out in an eternal sequence based on the weeks, sabbaths, and festivals of the solar calendar. (Rachel Elior: "The Three Temples", Page 182)

Calendar: 11QPs, XXVII, 2 - 11: David son of Jesse was wise and brilliant like the light of the sun; (he was) a scribe, intelligent and perfect in all his ways before God and men. And YHWH gave him an intelligent and brilliant spirit, and he wrote 3,600 psalms [ten psalms each day, the number of days being the number of months in a year times the number of days in a month, 12 x 30 = 360] and 364 songs to sing before the altar for the daily perpetual sacrifice, for all the days of the [solar] year; and 52 songs for the Sabbath offerings [364 divided by 7 gives 52, the number of weeks or sabbaths in a year, which are divided into four seasons of thirteen sabbaths each, for which the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice were composed]; and 30 songs for the offerings for the beginnings of months, for all the festivals and for the Day of Atonement [12 first days of months plus 18 days of the seven festivals or appointed times, according to the list of festivals in Leviticus]. In all, the songs which he uttered were 446, and 4 songs to make music on the intercalary days [Heb. peguim, designating the four 'extra' days added to the 360 to mark the changes of season and to make up the full solar year]. In all, they were 4,050. All these he uttered through prophecy which was given him from before the Most High. (Rachel Elior: "The Three Temples", Page 261)

Book of Jubilees 6: 30 - 38: And all the days of the commandment will be two and fifty weeks of days, and (these will make) the entire year complete. Thus it is engraved and ordained on the heavenly tablets. And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single year or from year to year. And command thou the children of Israel that they observe the years according to this reckoning - three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its feasts; for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts. But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from this (order), [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances. And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new months, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon - how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees. For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new months and seasons and sabbaths and festivals.

Enoch:

https://de.scribd.com/document/168721987/Heaven-on-Earth-Helios-and-the-Zodiac-Cycle-in-Ancient-Palestinian-Synagogues

The 1965 excavations at Ein Gedi revealed a series of synagogue buildings one above the other. A lengthy inscription was discovered in the mosaic floor ... Thirteen ancestors of the world (from the genealogy in 1 Chronicles 1:1-4) ... Elior has observed that the ancestors named in this inscription (especially Enoch) were responsible for the transmission of the secrets of creation and the universe to future generations, including the solar calendar. (Page 32)

Therefore the secret of the town mentioned in the Ein Gedi inscription may be the secret of access to or control of Torah knowledge. (Page 44)

The Rainbow and a "Second Power" in Heaven (Page 46): "His body resembles the rainbow, and the rainbow resembles the appearance of fire around it." Ezekiel 1:27. (Page 47)

Instead I suggest that the Helios figure was also intended to represent Metatron, the divine super-angel. (Page 31)

Metatron is therefore more than an angel; he is a second deity who is "the lesser YHWH." (Page 32)

Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky in "Worlds in Collision": The Tractate Erubin V, 22c of the Jerusalem Talmud records "the surprising fact" that the Temple of Jerusalem was so built that on the two equinoctial days the first ray of the rising sun shone directly through the eastern gate; the eastern gate was kept closed during the year, but was opened on these two days for this very purpose. (Page 318) In the pre-Exilic period it was held "to be of imperative necessity that on two days of the year the sun shone directly through the eastern gate," and "through all the eastern gates of the Temple arranged in line, directly into the very heart of the Temple proper." The eastern gate, also called "sun gate," served not only to check on the equinoxes, when the sun rises exactly in the east, but on the solstices as well: a device on the eastern gate was designed to reflect the first rays of the sun on the summer and winter solstices, when the sun rises in the southeast and the northeast, respectively. (Page 353)

Kohanim + Temple:

פולחן השמש בארץ-ישראל/ HELIOS IN PALESTINE

The year starts on Wednesday, the lights were created, after the vernal equinox day. Each quarter is built of 30 day month + 30 day month + 31 day month, that way each quarter starts on Wednesday. Months 1,4,7,10 start on Wednesday, 2,5,8,11 start on Friday, 3,6,9,12 always start on Sunday. On every Sabbatical Year, on the 7th month, after Sukkot add a week and each 28 years add 2 weeks.

Month Day Date Weekday Biblical Festival

1.

1.

29.3.2017

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the First Quarter

1.

14.

11.4.2017

Tuesday

Passover

1.

15.

12.4.2017

Wednesday

Start of Festival of Unleavened Bread

1.

26.

23.4.2017

Sunday

Festival of the First Barley

2.      

1.

28.4.2017

Friday

New Month

3.

1.

28.5.2017

Sunday

New Month

3.

15.

11.6.2017

Sunday

Shavuot: Festival of the First Wheat

4.

1.

28.6.2017

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the Second Quarter

5.

1.

28.7.2017

Friday

New Month

5.

3.

30.7.2017

Sunday

Festival of the First Wine

6.

1.

27.8.2017

Sunday

New Month

6.

22.

17.9.2017

Sunday

Festival of the First Olive Oil

6.

23.

18.9.2017

Monday

Start of Festival of Wood-Offering

7.

1.

27.9.2017

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the Third Quarter

7.

10.

6.10.2017

Friday

Day of Atonement

7.

15.

11.10.2017

Wednesday

Sukkot: Start of Festival of Booths

8.

1.

27.10.2017

Friday

New Month

9.

1.

26.11.2017

Sunday

New Month

10.

1.

27.12.2017

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the Fourth Quarter

11.

1.

26.1.2018

Friday

New Month

12.

1.

25.2.2018

Sunday

New Month

 

Month Day Date Weekday Biblical Festival

1.

1.

28.3.2018

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the First Quarter

1.

14.

10.4.2018

Tuesday

Passover

1.

15.

11.4.2018

Wednesday

Start of Festival of Unleavened Bread

1.

26.

22.4.2018

Sunday

Festival of the First Barley

2.      

1.

27.4.2018

Friday

New Month

3.

1.

27.5.2018

Sunday

New Month

3.

15.

10.6.2018

Sunday

Shavuot: Festival of the First Wheat

4.

1.

27.6.2018

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the Second Quarter

5.

1.

27.7.2018

Friday

New Month

5.

3.

29.7.2018

Sunday

Festival of the First Wine

6.

1.

26.8.2018

Sunday

New Month

6.

22.

16.9.2018

Sunday

Festival of the First Olive Oil

6.

23.

17.9.2018

Monday

Start of Festival of Wood-Offering

7.

1.

26.9.2018

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the Third Quarter

7.

10.

5.10.2018

Friday

Day of Atonement

7.

15.

10.10.2018

Wednesday

Sukkot: Start of Festival of Booths

8.

1.

26.10.2018

Friday

New Month

9.

1.

25.11.2018

Sunday

New Month

10.

1.

26.12.2018

Wednesday

New Month - Start of the Fourth Quarter

11.

1.

25.1.2019

Friday

New Month

12.

1.

24.2.2019

Sunday

New Month

 

Year

Sabbatical Year

Added in the 7. Month

Wednesday = New Year

2000

Sabbatical Year

Two Weeks

22.3.

2001

 

 

4.4.

2002

 

 

3.4.

2003

 

 

2.4.

2004

 

 

31.3.

2005

 

 

30.3.

2006

 

 

29.3.

2007

Sabbatical Year

One Week

28.3.

2008

 

 

2.4.

2009

 

 

1.4.

2010

 

 

31.3.

2011

 

 

30.3.

2012

 

 

28.3.

2013

 

 

27.3.

2014

Sabbatical Year

One Week

26.3.

2015

 

 

1.4.

2016

 

 

30.3.

2017

 

 

29.3.

2018

 

 

28.3.

2019

 

 

27.3.

2020

 

 

25.3.

2021

Sabbatical Year

One Week

24.3.

2022

 

 

30.3.

2023

 

 

29.3.

2024

 

 

27.3.

2025

 

 

26.3.

2026

 

 

25.3.

2027

 

 

24.3.

2028

Sabbatical Year

Two Weeks

22.3.

2029

 

 

4.4.

2030

 

 

3.4.

2031

 

 

2.4.

2032

 

 

31.3.

2033

 

 

30.3.

2034

 

 

29.3.

2035

Sabbatical Year

One Week

28.3.

2036

 

 

2.4.

2037

 

 

1.4.

2038

 

 

31.3.

2039

 

 

30.3.

2040

 

 

28.3.

2041

 

 

27.3.

2042

Sabbatical Year

One Week

26.3.

2043

 

 

1.4.

2044

 

 

30.3.

2045

 

 

29.3.

2046

 

 

28.3.

2047

 

 

27.3.

2048

 

 

25.3.

2049

Sabbatical Year

One Week

24.3.

2050

 

 

30.3.

2051

 

 

29.3.

2052

 

 

27.3.

2053

 

 

26.3.

2054

 

 

25.3.

2055

 

 

24.3.

2056

Sabbatical Year

Two Weeks

22.3.

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